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Model 1934 Polish Sword (WZ. 34 Pattern Szabla)- Matching Numbers C2358

( ID: es1275 )

A fine example of a matching Polish Model 1934 Sword, also known as the Szabla wz. 34 (literally "1934 Pattern Szabla"). This was the last service sword issued to the Polish cavalry and other mounted units of the Polish Army and is a considered to be one of the finest purposefully made cavalry swords and was successfully used in combat in 13 different Polish cavalry charges during the opening days of Worl;dWar II against the Nazis.

The history of the swordis well documented as it was designed by the Warsaw-based Technical Institute of Armaments following the overall form of the 1921 Pattern Sabre, and strictly designed for use in combat weapon, with ergonomic grip, well-carved hilt and the curved blade designed for both powerful cuts and easy swings. Unlike many contemporary designs, the sheathed sword was almost flat, which facilitated carrying the weapon and attaching it to a standard cavalry saddle.

The Model 1934 was produced by one factory, the Kielce-based Huta Ludwików leading to a higher production standard and much higher uniformity. According to a post-war evaluation by one of the users, Capt. Eng. Janusz Wielhorski, "it was commonly seen as a perfect weapon. Well-balanced, nicely fitting and uncommonly easy to cut with. Out of 100 contemporary French broadswords only two or three could cut nicely, while all wz. 34 sabres I used were perfect for that".

The production standards were well documented and rigorous as each sword had to undergo a series of stress-tests including:

  1. when dropped free from the height of 2 metres it was to pierce a steel sheet 2 millimetres (0.079 in) thick;
  2. cut five 5 mm steel bars without damaging the edge;
  3. survive powerful blows into a hardwood stub with the flat and the spine, without any damages to the blade;
  4. the blade pressed against a hardwood stub was to bend 150 millimetres (5.9 in) to either side without breaking or deforming; and
  5. the sheath placed flat on two bricks was to survive a 120 kilograms (260 lb)

The new weapon entered production in 1936 and immediately entered service as a standard sword of all mounted units of the army. By 1939 roughly 40,000 pieces have been delivered in four identical series of 9999 pieces each. On 1 July 1938 the Polish Army had 39,564 Pattern 1934 sabres in its stores and in first-line units.

This sword is in very nice original condition with the blade exceptionally clear with the original grease and with matching numbers to the C Series 2358.  The blade marked under the langet H Kielce Ludwikow.  The scabbard with some surface discoloration but easily cleaned and in the original untouched condition.

A rare example and directly from an old Polish American family estate in Pennsylvania.

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